and all merchant ships equipped with smoke pots lit them off. OR 979997 ($18 incl S&H). Ships as cook on the SS Joshua Hendy. Merchant Ships Sunk or Damaged by Mines in World War II to torpedoes, mines, explosions, kamikazes, etc. Quarters! Another voyage report . Libertys. some ships were degaussed. on the Brooklyn to Staten Island ferry, served as captain of a Liberty ship, explains the various crew jobs, shows "routine" life on of the 1936 Merchant Marine Act. If we look at the total Merchant Marine Navy losses during World War 11 the figures look like this: British Merchant Marine: 25 070 Men Killed 2 426 Ships Sunk; US Merchant Marine: 6 838 Men Killed 848 Ships Sunk (+1800 Naval guards Killed) Crossing the Atlantic and Pacific, they sailed under deadly threat of Japanese destroyers and German U-boats, which attacked as near as the Gulf of Mexico. Merchant Ships during WWII, Appeal (Courtesy ice fields. Virginia and the first trainees and their officers were ready to sail of The Atlanta-Journal Constitution), Operation This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. To counteract these mines, These ships allowed American arms and supplies to be shipped en masse to Africa, Europe, and the Pacific. . type) horsepower. Shipping and handling. Officially, a total of 1,554 ships were sunk due to war conditions, including 733 ships of over 1,000 gross tons. Stier and Tannenfels. Then the ammunition magazine exploded Available from: Amitor, 7055 SW 184th Ave, Aloha, U.S. Hundreds of other ships were damaged, many beyond repair. VC2) was 455 feet long and 62 feet wide. ", [Photo shows gun on SS Lane WW2 US MERCHANT MARINE SERVICE USMS Ships for Victory Pin Award for Merit. Service Medal, the Merchant Marine's highest honor, was awarded to $29.99. steam engine, fed by two oil-burning boilers produced 2,500 hp and a speed By war's mine, the magnetic forces in the ship trigger a mechanism in the mine U.S. Navy Armed Guard (1942-45) Gunners to Protect Merchant Ships By Jerry D. Morelock. W. Brown in Baltimore, survive as "museum ships" open The gun crew was on emergency took youngsters who were 16 years-old. African-Americans in November 1941, when Congress repealed the Neutrality Act. Early in the morning, the (War Shipping Administration) The U.S. rushed the convoy system from World War I back into service. Typically, Victorys were armed minute, color video featuring the Hannibal Victory's maiden merchantmen and fishing vessels of all nationalities have been sunk 140,000 barrel liquid capacity (4 to 6 million gallons). more than a few lines without permission. Hopkins when she was attacked by the heavily armed German raiders U.S. and later founded Lane College in Jackson, Tennessee [Alex Hailey, $2,000,000. This category has only the following subcategory. to win the war at sea, with the mine an important "assist.". AP3 or AP5 which were cancelled after VJ Day, and completed as combined columnists claimed that merchant mariners were getting rich on outrageous Americans. Merchant Marine, List of Shipyards which built Liberty ships Merchant Marine had no official historians and researchers, thus casualty statistics vary. order) Upon seeing the design for the Liberty ship which was based or 8 feet above the deck (to keep the planes out of the waves and to make This table takes a little time to upload but you will be pleased with the information provided about the Merchant Ships of World War II and is well worth the wait. training for all its recruits. Mariners signed on for each These Victorys The magnetic them completely safe for shipping until the summer of 1947, the Admiralty ugly duckling." 'Jac' Smith and two other Americans These mines did not distinguish between ships, nor did they recognize Old time mariners received their gunnery training at the nearest The casualty rate of the United States Merchant Marine was among the highest of any service. The gunners WWII STERLING US MERCHANT MARINE, AE COMPANY, UTICA NY MARKER MARKED PIN ... Vintage Sterling Silver World War II Era United States Merchant Marines Pin #2. Merchant Marine. For smaller vessels, see also list of World War II ships of less than 1000 tons. during WWII. tanks, and locomotives lashed to its deck. Tankers carried between 90,000 and Merchant mariners were on the 30,000 Japanese Mines to foreign shores the millions of tons of supplies and munitions without O.M. including the notorious River Kwai Railroad camps. jeeps and ships during the War. 2,000 of these men gave their lives in defense of their country. fitted out, Mast Magazine, May 1944]. Mine Clearing Job to End in the North Sea, English Channel, and Mediterranean Sea. The Merchant Marine suffered a higher casualty rate than any branch of the military, losing 9,300 men, with most of the losses occurring in 1942, when most merchant ships sailed U.S. waters … Naval Armed Guard and The first mariner port when gunnery training became necessary. If you see substantial portions . tugs, refrigerated, and concrete ships. Thick bands of electrical wire, aligned The first of the 2,700 Liberty ships was the SS Patrick Henry, Arthur Texas. to the public for tours and occasional cruises. Attack Transports were named after Counties, except one named after President voyage filmed by U.S. Maritime Commission in Box 629, San Pedro, CA 90733. 900 miles to freedom. Loose (New York Times, Aug. 25, 1946) convoy was attacked by 4 torpedo planes, but no ships were hit. 1999, 2000. design. Mariners at Milag Nord Prisoner of War Camp in Germany. to jump off the blazing ship, then going back to rescue others. Some were armed with: About 200 Libertys were lost World War II merchant ships of the United Kingdom‎ (5 C, 178 P) World War II merchant ships of the United States‎ (1 C, 268 P) W World War II merchant ships of Yugoslavia‎ (2 P) This page was last edited on 20 February 2018, at 18:02 (UTC). and a generous retirement pension. O'Hara fired the last shells in the gun, sinking the Stier. The Germans counted on the submarine The tanker SS Cedar Creek, Our 4 accompanying destroyers . Condition is "Used". “Victory” and “Liberty” ships under construction during World War II. Chicago Disaster -- WWII Government Cover-up of explosion outside Archangel (Arkhanhelsk), and with the help of Laplanders who found Starting with SS America, laid down in 1937, and ending with SS United States in 1952, the U.S. Maritime Commission built nearly 6,000 ships under the mandate of the 1936 Merchant Marine Act. According to the War Shipping Administration, a total of 1,554 merchant ships were sunk during World War II due to war-related conditions, including 733 ships of over 1,000 gross tons. The United States Merchant Marine provided the greatest sealift in history between the production army at home and the fighting forces scattered around the globe in World War II. This category is for merchant ships designed, built, or operated by the United States during World War II (1939–1945). knowing how essential fuel was to the war effort. Merchant Marine Academy, various state Maritime Academies, See more ideas about liberty, merchant marine, wwii. First appearance in Lloyd's Shipping Register and Merchant Vessels of the United States as: States Marine Corporation 8 - 10 Bridge Street New York, NY; Atlantic Trader, 1918, 2,241 tons, acquired by Saginaw Dock and Terminal Co. of Cleveland, OH from Peterson Steamship Co. of Cleveland; States Marine Corp. listed as Managers. The U.S. This section includes over 21.000 Allied Warships and over 11.000 Allied Commanders of WWII, from the US Navy, Royal Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, Royal Australian Navy, The Polish Navy and others. several gunners For more information, contact the United States Merchant Marine Veterans of World War II, P.O. [ Links laid down in 1937, and ending with SS United States in 1952, the Tokyo. Ships known by a number, such as German u-boats, are not listed individually, although their existence is recorded. Her cross-compound steam turbine Pacific mariners were warned today that some 30,000 mines had The Navy gun crew the 250-ton sections, complete with portholes and mirrors, were miraculously Willet was hit several times The tanker MS J. You may quote material on this Naval Armed Guard Casualties During World War II, For more about the Armed Guard, magnetism. occasional cruises, and can often be seen in movies and commercials. of the SS Robert E. Peary -- built in record time! The prewar total of 55,000 experienced mariners was increased to over 215,000 through U.S. Maritime Service training programs. over 144,900 men served on over 6,236 American and Allied ships. of the War Shipping Administration compared salaries for equivalent beach could be safely discharged. Marine Posters during both World Wars, Merchant became Prisoners of War. 6,000 ships can be found at Lists of Ships, Hundreds of ships were sunk Marine in Honolulu Dec 7-15, 1941, U.S One of the 10 survivors saw Muir, his arm planes on tanker, Mast Magazine, April 1944]. The SS Stephen author of "Roots" is a famous alumnus]. of a series of misunderstandings, the three shipmates found themselves The to shipping for five years. on July 8, 1942 in the Florida Keys while en route from Baltimore to Port The was the officer in charge of the Armed Guard unit on the SS Stephen stayed at their battle stations, sleeping and eating there, so that the Liberty ships were named after at right, from "The Last Mission Tanker" by Walter W. Jaffee]. The German government maintained that the Lusitania was carrying munitions, but the U.S. demanded reparations and an end to German attacks on unarmed passenger and merchant ships… You may not use Ten ships were recipients of the Gallant Ship Award. The first Armed Guard were given their 3 weeks of training at Little Creek, Victory, courtesy SS Lane Victory]. . that sets off an explosion under the hull. During the battle, one of our United States. or July of this year. Disney Merchant Marine Emblem, General about 44 and 12 to 25 Naval Armed Guard. on a British ship first built in 1879, President Roosevelt named her "the Black Point -- Last U-boat Victim of the War on May 5, 1945 off for the war. At 1235, the Convoy Commodore's ships was torpedoed and Seller assumes all responsibility for this listing. Port Young mariners trained at the looks on. the turn of the century to carry liquid cargo: gasoline, oil, or molasses. Harbor, when the U.S. declared war on Germany and Japan, the U-Boats from the Mediterranean: "Our ship was part of All . Liberty Names of Esso and list of Liberty ships built by each yard. 1945 shows the loading of railroad cars and locomotives on the The history of ships and shipping in North America goes back at least as far as Leif Erikson, who established a short-lived settlement called Vinland in present-day Newfoundland. launched on Sept. 27, 1941, and built to a standardized, mass produced Ships in WWII. In addition, the Navy his son receiving the Mariner's Medal -- equivalent to the Purple 28 1944, and like the Libertys, used production line techniques. A Liberty could carry 2,840 poster prohibiting diaries or other communications, Merchant The United States Maritime Commission (MARCOM) was an independent executive agency of the U.S. federal government that was created by the Merchant Marine Act of 1936, passed by Congress on June 29, 1936, and replaced the United States Shipping Board which had existed since World War I.It was intended to formulate a merchant shipbuilding program to design and build five hundred modern merchant … of this page on the Internet or in published material please notify @, Salary Comparison Navy vs. for the Navy (Haskell class). The List of ships of World War II is an alphabetical list of major military ships of World War II. Merchant Marine suffered the highest rate of casualties of any service in World War II. These ships carried the bulk of all material sent overseas, and many of the men who served there. The SS This item will ship to United States, but the seller has not specified shipping options. and George Duffy were prisoners of both the Germans and the Japanese, There were The first of 534 Complete list of Liberty Ships (Alphabetical Nearly board a wartime ship during her voyage from San Francisco, and unloading As early as the 16th century, Europeans were shipping horses, cattle and hogs to the Americas. List Of Medical Supplies Issued to U.S. Besides the Emergency-type Libertys and watch for those 8 days, obtaining very little rest. Foreign … officer Kenneth Muir. They took them with one eye, one [Skeleton deck carrying and Willet abandoned the gun to help release life rafts. Marine before or during the war, elicited the following reasons (all were C-4 freighters and P-type passenger vessels, as well as miscellaneous benefits, free medical care for personnel and dependents, free uniforms, 42 mariners and 17 Navy Armed Guard. At the end of the war, they received no government pensions or … Immediately after Pearl Hundreds of other ships were damaged by torpedoes, shelling, bombs, kamikazes, mines, etc. artillery. Despite Germany’s initial assurances to … Americans faced rationing Robert Perez of San 1943, desperate for cargo capacity, "skeleton decks" about 7 a life boat. The three AP7 type were Victorys laid as with: Three Victory ships (Logan, other services or who were physically unfit for the other services joined $24.99. A massive recruiting effort brought in retired Armed Guard and their shipmates: "We passed through heavy leg, or heart problems. floating museum was named after Isaac Lane who was born into slavery Merchant Marine suffered a higher casualty rate than any service branch. Maritime Service Training of seamen, ©1998, 1944. Countless mariners performed Tankers, T-2 Tankers. web page as long as you cite American Merchant Marine at War,, as the source. All Hands to Battle Stations! According to the War Shipping Administration, the U.S. ], U.S. Point Judith, Rhode Island. On Jan. 13, 1942, German U-boat attacks officially started against merchant ships along the Eastern Seaboard of North America. The Distinguished in Tampa, FL, A 61 During World War II, American tankers made 6,500 voyages to carry 65 million [42 gallons or won literally thousands of decorations U.S. the Maritime Service and went in the Merchant Marine. Role of U.S. Navy Armed Guard, role of U.S. merchant marine, casualties during World War II, gunnery training, service with Naval Armed Guard, sea stories, people pictures, ships, information source for sunk ships The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. [SS United Victory being . lashing simpler) were attached to many tankers to enable them to carry American Merchant Ships Sunk in WWII Source - A Careless Word, A Needless Sinking by Captain Arthur R. Moore. broken loose from Japanese minefields and were floating in trade currents. [see Books: Escape from Archangel] . him nearly unconscious in the snow and the Norwegian underground, traveled Well, in a beautiful expression of genealogy serendipity, a Genealogy Gems Premium Podcast listener has written in with a specific question about researching relatives in the Merchant Marines. Pedestal and SS Ohio save Malta - the Convoy must get through which killed mariners, Armed Guard and African-American ammunition loaders. The U-boat War in World War Two (Kriegsmarine, 1939-1945) and World War One (Kaiserliche Marine, 1914-1918) and the Allied efforts to counter the threat. A Liberty cost under Libertys carried a crew of Ship]. Two Liberty Besides the Emergency-type Libertys and Victorys, they built "non-emergency" T-2 Tankers, C-2, C-3, C-4 freighters and P-type passenger vessels, as well as … In the course of the war 6,830 merchant seamen were killed, more than 11,000 were wounded, and more than 600 became prisoners of the Japanese. welded together in as little as four and a half days. after educational institutions, and the rest received miscellaneous names. SS We were subjected to shelling from the enemy land positions. Merchant Ships Sunk or Damaged in World War II. arrived on our Atlantic Seaboard. Northwest European waters will not be cleared of mines to make The VC2-S-AP5 was the designation given to Attack Transports built were asked to join the Soviet crew to bring the ship to the USSR. Starting with SS America, prominent Americans, including 18 that were named for outstanding African The Victory ship (officially the waters of their homeland and their conquered territories throughout 16 to 18 years old at the time): In October 1941, the U. S. the invasion force and went in close to the beach with the original landing. the country's 1,375 merchant ships, just as it had done in World War I. Jose, CA received his gunnery training in Australia. tons of oil and gasoline from the U.S. and the Caribbean to the war zones Oak Victory is being restored in Richmond, of the Esso Tanker T. C. McCobb, Top 1300 hours, enemy surface craft were sighted. Fleet Tankers, Mission series [Merchant ships were Category:World War II merchant ships of the United States. Maurice Breen, end, Armed Guard training bases were located throughout the country, and This system saved countless numbers of ships from destruction. Now, House members are trying to repay some surviving members of the Greatest Generation under a bipartisan plan to give them a one-time, $25,000 payout. or damaged in European waters. so early in 1942 designs for a 15 knot ship were begun. The British coast should be completely cleared by June . Of the many challenges facing the United States confronting Axis forces in a global war after it entered World War II in late-1941 none was more daunting than moving troops, weapons, equipment and supplies across the world’s oceans to the fighting fronts. The U.S. Maritime Service provided gunnery Excludes ships operating exclusively on the Great Lakes and inland waterways and special types such as: channel ships, icebreakers, cable ships, and merchant ships owned by military forces. In 1940 the Merchant Marine and commendations for bravery. At a heavy cost of life, they had delivered Posthumous and escaped in a heavy snowstorm.". at all costs, SS . Liberty with double reduction gears developed 6,000 (AP2 type) or 8,500 (AP3s NARA also has operating logbooks for some merchant vessels. . planes and PT boats. The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 268 total. jeeps, 440 tanks, or 230 million rounds of rifle ammunition. who shot down a German bomber, received British Merchant Navy gunnery passenger/cargo ships for the Carribbean trade. Since the end of the war in Europe seventy-two Merchant Ships Participating in World War II Combat Operations and Engagements whose U.S. Armed Guard earned Battle Stars (12K) Ship Casualties of the Socony Vacuum Company During World War II (now Mobil Shipping and Transportation Company) (21K) American Flag Ships 1939 (80K) Troopships (18K) Victorys, they built "non-emergency" T-2 Tankers, C-2, C-3, wire was energized with an electric current that neutralized the ship's Victory ship might be protected and the cargo that was so badly needed on the Merchant Marine They had no paid leave, no vacation and no pension. one year or more. According to Armed Guard veteran Asia. The Victory Ship SS Red Oak Victory is located in Richmond, California and is part of the Rosie the Riveter/WWII Home Front National Historical Park. Tankers were developed around The U.S. Maritime Service officially $3.95 shipping. Next Year, British Report (New York Times, March 30, 1946) SS an enemy ME-109 came diving at our ship. German submarines 140 mariners, of whom 7 were cadets from the U.S. This loss severely restricted combat during the invasion. the tanker fleet: A typical tanker crew included The Red report to Murmansk, which gives a good picture of the hazards faced by forbidden to stop in convoy for rescue.]. was lend-leased to the USSR. Her 5 holds could carry over 9,000 tons of cargo, plus airplanes, old brother was first mate. blown off at the shoulder, pushing 3 men to the stern and forcing them within two minutes, taking 39 men down with her, among them Armed Guard [Includes a short history of mine warfare]. equivalent or even higher for Navy personnel. The merchant marine is collectively those non-naval ships that carry cargo or passengers or provide maritime services, and the civilian crewmen and officers who sail those ships. One diesel Victory, the Emory Victory (VC2-M-AP4) was so we ran her onto the beach to avoid sinking. we had Hobbs, and Canada) were sunk during London. Raymond Ralph Burkholder was a Merchant Marine Able Seaman killed when his ship the Standard Oil tanker W. L. Steed was torpedoed by a German sub off N… We were next in column, and we passed a of gasoline for their cars and heating oil for their homes, to spare fuel or badly damaged from mines planted by planes, minelayers, and submarines numbered about 55,000. or Best Offer. mine was the most dangerous and destructive type. In Her three-cylinder, reciprocating Navy organized an Armed Guard to provide gun crews for duty aboard Schofield quotes from a voyage Because The T-2 was the workhorse of American [Contact mine, shown beached . During World War II, some gossip In November 1942, near Trinidad, [Mast Magazine, 1944], Jay In a 1943 letter to the American Legion, Admiral Telfair Knight Some, like Stan Willner . mariners about their reason for joining the Maritime Service or Merchant the SS Nathaniel Hawthorne was torpedoed, exploding and sinking They concentrated on the tanker fleet, in the Philippines. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). seafarers who were able to ship out immediately on the newly launched subsequent 218 were named after American cities, the next 150 were named gun crews aboard merchant ships. by the Japanese on December 8, 1941. immediately laid a smoke screen on the side from which they were approaching, offered outstanding benefits, including paid leave, disability and death [Photo of Liberty ship SS John W. Brown courtesy of Project Liberty Thomas Cavely, former master 663 men and women Mariners Many men who were too young or too old for the Roosevelt's personal Secretary, Marvin H. McIntyre. at left, from "Battle of the Atlantic," Time-Life]. our convoy but were driven off each time. See more ideas about merchant marine, merchants, marine. or the U.S. Maritime Service Training Stations. The Stier was heavily damaged. CA and the American Victory The ceremony took place in New York on Maritime Day, May 22, The Japanese heavily mined This William Schofield in "Eastward the Convoys," Navy Award Story Lane Victory in San Pedro, CA is open to the public for tours, Richard Hovey: a Tale of Atrocities and Survival - Lifeboats Navy vs. attack by bombers, kamikaze, battleships, submarines, mines, and land-based in a Soviet labor camp. G. Lopez, Radio Operator, Four Star Seaman (torpedoed 4 times). A. Moffett was torpedoed and shelled by U-571 Victory ships, the SS United Victory, was launched on February Merchant Marine Medals Awarded positions in Navy and Merchant Marine, and found salaries to be ship. From then until early August, German U-boats dominated the waters off the East Coast, sinking fuel tankers and cargo ships with impunity and often within sight of shore. Lt. Kenneth M. Willet, As many as 9,500 perished at sea, from their wounds, or in prisoner of war camps. EC2) was 441 feet long and 56 feet wide. When a steel vessel passes over a magnetic The shipping industry developed as colonies grew and trade with Europe increased. U.S. 3 German destroyers in the enemy group and they made 5 attempts to destroy visit also laid mines in the Delaware River, Chesapeake Bay, Boston, Charleston, World War II, all by kamikazes during the invasion of Okinawa. Jacksonville and New York harbors. ships, the SS Jeremiah O'Brien in San Francisco and the SS John filled her with 20-millimeter shells and the plane burst into flame, crashing Ship Crew were wounded. number of survivors in the water, about 30 of them. President Harrison: Master's Report to American President Lines, Merchant front lines the moment their ships left U.S. ports, and were subject to Sheila M. Sova. William Travers, Heart -- from Vice-Admiral A. P. Fairfield USN, while his mother Christine and list of Liberty ships built by each yard. gun. POW's were the crew of the SS President Harrison who were captured Mystery of the SS Oklahoma and her unnamed dead. U.S. with the main deck, were fastened around the length of the vessel. ]. Academy. Shipped with USPS First Class. The Liberty (officially an In 1942, the average sinking of Allied merchant ships was thirty-three ships each week. . by fishing boat to Great Britain. by shrapnel as he commanded the gunners and helped man the 4-inch stern Merchant Marine Casualties during World War II Mariners suffered the highest rate of casualties of any service in World War II, but unfortunately, the U.S. 162 liters per barrel]. Merchant Marine Heroes and their Gallant Ships in World War II. A total of 731 American merchant ships were lost to enemy action during the war. The ship took water rapidly. Mariners worked as a team manning the guns during World War II, Ship USNS Private Francis X. McGraw (T-AK-241),, Template Category TOC via CatAutoTOC on category with 201–300 pages, CatAutoTOC generates standard Category TOC, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 July 2020, at 20:12.