Nutlets drupaceous, e.g., Prassium, Stenogyne etc. Submitted by, G SELVAM BOTANY,BHARA THIDSAN,UNIVE RSITY TRICHY 2. The Lamiaceae (/ ˌ l eɪ m i ˈ eɪ s i aɪ,-iː / LAY-mee-AY-see-e(y)e [3]) or Labiatae are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or deadnettle or sage family. Plants in the lamiaceae have square stems. There are about 350 species in the genus Thymus, all Eurasian. See also Coleus; Mentha; Monarda. In Mentha a four lobed corolla arises due to the fusion of two upper teeth. Cultivation: Plant in slightly acidic to neutral, well-drained soil with 0.5 - 0.6 m of space between individuals. Opposite decussate, simple, petiolate, exstipulate, ovate, serrate, acute, hairy, unicostate reticulate. Share Your PDF File Flowers hermaphrodite, hypogynous, coloured and scented. Scrophulariaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Comparison among Acanthaceae, Verbenaceae and Lamiaceae, Asteraceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. two petals in the posterior upper lip and three in the anterior lower lip (Salvia, Nepeta, Leucas etc.). Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, bilocular but becoming tetralocular, axile placentation, one ovule in each loculus; style gynobasic; stigma bifid. Ocimoideae. Catnip, or catmint (Nepeta cataria), a Eurasian perennial, grows to about 1 metre (3.3 feet) and has downy heart-shaped leaves with an aroma that is stimulating to cats. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge The limits of families like Scrophulariaceae have long been problematic (Thieret 1967 for a summary), and Olmstead (2002) provided a … The Lamiaceae are commonly known as the mint family. Plants are mostly aromatic herbs or shrubs (Leonotis, Pogostemon). Scientific classification: • Kingdom : Plantae • Phylum : Angiosperms • Class : Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledonae) • Order : Lamiales • Family : Lamiaceae (Mint Family) 17- subfamilies • Genera : 236 • … Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. An aromatic herb with beautiful variegated leaves. After reading article you will learn about: 1. It is mostly planted as ornamental in cultivated areas. The largest genus in the Lamiaceae is Salvia. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Family Lamiaceae. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, situated on hypogynous honey secreting disc; bilocular becomes tetralocular by the formation of false septum; axile placentation, one ovule in each loculus; style gynobasic (arising from the base of the ovary), stigma bilobed. : (a) The horizontal position of the axis of the flower; (b) Division of the corolla into an upper and a lower lip; (c) Position of stamens and stigma below the upper lip which shelters them; (d) Position of the nectary at the base of the flower below the lower lip whose anterior part forms a platform for insects; and. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. The family is closely allied to Acanthaceae from which it can be distinguished by the following features: 4. PDF | On Jan 1, 2011, G. L. C. Bramley and others published Lamiaceae | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate The fruit is commonly a dry nutlet. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, superior, quadrilocular, one ovule in each loculus, axile placentation; style gynobasic; stigma bifid, honey disc is present below the ovary. ADVERTISEMENTS: The below mentioned article provides an overview on Order Lamiales, Family–Lamiaceae . petals 5, gamopetalous imbricate, bilabiate, upper 2 lipped lower 3, usually differentiated into tube and limb. Explanation on Family-Lamiaceae (Labiatae) 3. Sepals 5, gamosepalous, bilabiate (1/4), posterior or upper lip broad and lower or anterior lip with small sepals; gland dotted, violet green, imbricate aestivation. Smooth square stem & leaves without strong mint scent. There are about 230 Genera and about 7000 species. Class Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons: Subclass Asteridae: Order Lamiales: Family Lamiaceae – Mint family: Genus Ocimum L. – basil P : Contains 6 Species and 4 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Ocimum basilicum L. – sweet basil P: Species Ocimum campechianum Mill. Updates? Recent phylogenetic work has shown the Lamiales are polyphyletic with respect to order Scrophularialesand the two groups are now usually combined in a single order that also includes the former orders Hip… seed endospermic e.g. Classification: About the Classification Report About the Classification Download . Plants in the lamiaceae have square stems. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Lamiaceae. The Kingdom Plantae includes all types of eukaryotic, multicellular, photosynthetic plants found in this biosphere. Flowers zygomorphic and in some unisexual (Iboza). Bracteate and bracteolate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous bilabiate, small and pink. Sub-family 7. The 40 to 50 species of the genus Lamium are known as dead nettles; they are low weedy plants that are sometimes cultivated as medicinal plants. INTRODUCTION. Economic Importance 4. Herbaceous, aerial, erect, solid, grooved, quadrangular, hairy, branched. Distribution of Lamiaceae 3. Self-heal, or heal-all (Prunella vulgaris), provided another important source of herbal medicine. Herbaceous above and woody below, aerial, erect, solid, quadrangular, branched, hairy with aromatic smell. Thymus or Origanum are pollinated by bees; Salvia, Lamium, Teucrium with still longer tubes are pollinated by bees as well as other longer tongued insects. Leaves are round to obovate, base cuneate, apex mostly rounded, margin entire, upper surface green, lower surface pale green to silvery. Lamiaceae (order Lamiales) is a family of flowering species, also known as the mint family [1]. Lilies have 3 sepals and 3 petals, which are identical in size and color (often referred to as 6 tepals). The largest genus in the Lamiaceae is Salvia. The genus Origanum, native in Europe, includes 15 to 20 species, chief among them being marjoram (O. majorana) and oregano (O. vulgare). The family is particularly important to humans for herb plants useful for flavour, fragrance, or medicinal properties. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In this article we will discuss about the:- 1. Ajuga bracteosa, Leucas cephalotes are used in fever. Liliaceae. Lamium L. is the type of the family name Lamiaceae (the deadnettle/mint family) ... while the generic classifications of several less ... nent and rounded side-lobes of the lower lip of the corolla. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Consequently, in the latest classification of the Lamiaceae, pogostemonoid taxa have been subsumed into Lamioideae ... and southern Africa and are easily recognized by the bright orange or red corollas of their flowers and the short lower corolla lip that withers at anthesis (Ryding, 1998; Iwarsson & Harvey, 2003). Many plants of this family are used in medicines. Ethnobotanical studies on wild and cultivated plants used as food and medicine by the other ethnic minority in the Alps reported that traditional … When a tadpole turns into a frog, its tail shrinks and is reabsorbed. Lamiaceae : Mint Family •The Lamiaceae or Labiatae (Previously called) are a family of flowering plants commonly known as the mint or ocimum or sage family •This family members are commonly cultivated, not only for their aromatic abilities, but also their ease of … Subkingdom Tracheobionta – Vascular plants. Subfamily 2. We report the chromosome-scale genome assembly of Callicarpa americana L. (American beautyberry), a species within the early-diverging Callicarpoideae clade of Lamiaceae, known for its metallic purple fruits and use as an insect repellent due to its production of terpenoids. 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